The Pharmacophore Model for the Antistaphylococcal Activity Screening Among Thiazolidinone-Related Structures

Authors

  • R. B. Vinnitska Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University
  • O. T. Devinyak Uzhhorod National University
  • A. V. Lozynskyi Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University
  • S. M. Holota Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University
  • H. O. Derkach Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University
  • Ya. I. Deyak Uzhhorod National University
  • R. V. Kutsyk Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University
  • R. B. Lesyk Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24959/ophcj.20.215333

Keywords:

chemoinformatics, 4-thiazolidinones, pharmacophore modeling, antibacterial activity

Abstract

Aim. To develop a pharmacophore model suitable for the antistaphylococcal activity screening among thiazolidinone, thiopyrano[2,3-d]thiazole and thiazolo[4,5-b]pyridine derivatives.

Results and discussion. The best pharmacophore model in the series of models developed has a planar structure and consists of an aromatic ring (or cycle with π-bonds), a hydrophobic region, a projection of a hydrogen bond donor and two projections of a hydrogen bond acceptor. Its classification accuracy is 72.4 %. The diameter line of the model is formed by the projection of the hydrogen bond donor and the projection of the hydrogen bond acceptor, and its length is 8.05 Å. The analysis of conformations of active compounds consistent with the pharmacophore mode revealed two different ways of spatial arrangement of active molecules, in which the conditions of the pharmacophore model are fully met.

Experimental part. The antistaphylococcal activity was determined by the agar diffusion method against methicillin-resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and evaluated by measuring the diameter of the microbial growth inhibition zone. The plates were incubated for 24 h at 37 °C. Compounds with the growth inhibition diameter of more than 7.5 mm were considered to be active. Computer processing of the results of the microbiological experiment and modeling of the probable pharmacophore were performed in the MOE software environment version 2007.09. The geometry of the compounds was optimized by molecular mechanics using the MMFF94x force field. Accuracy of classification was used as the main quality criterion of the pharmacophore model.

Conclusions. The pharmacophore model developed can be used for virtual screening of the antistaphylococcal activity for the compounds similar to the training sample. When applying it to the in-home database of compounds the enrichment factor is EF = 2.05.

Received: 27.09.2020
Revised: 23.10.2020
Accepted: 03.11.2020

Author Biographies

R. B. Vinnitska, Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University

Ph.D. in Pharmacy, Associate Professor of the Chemistry Department of Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University

O. T. Devinyak, Uzhhorod National University

Ph.D. in Pharmacy, Associate Professor, Head of the Parmaceutical Disciplines Department of Uzhhorod National University

A. V. Lozynskyi, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

Ph.D. in Pharmacy, Associate Professor of the Department of Pharmeceutical, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

S. M. Holota, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

Ph.D. in Pharmacy, Associate Professor of the Department of Pharmeceutical, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

H. O. Derkach, Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University

Ph.D. in Pharmacy, assistant of the Chemistry Department of Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University

Ya. I. Deyak, Uzhhorod National University

Assistant of the Pharmaceutical Disciplines Department of Uzhhorod National University

R. V. Kutsyk, Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University

D.Sc. in Medicine, Professor, Head of the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology of Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University

R. B. Lesyk, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

D. Sc. in Pharmacy, Professor, Head of the Department of Pharmeceutical, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

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Published

2020-12-01

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Section

Articles