DOI: https://doi.org/10.24959/ophcj.13.758

2-amino-5-(4-chloro-1h-imidazol-5-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazoles: synthesis, pyrimidoannulation and the bactericidal activity

A. M. Grozav, V. O. Chornous, O. I. Gavrylyuk, M. V. Vovk

Abstract


This investigation is devoted to the synthesis of new representatives of 2-amino-5-imidazolil-1,3,4-thiadiazole systems, the study of some chemical transformations and the bactericidal activity. It has been shown that thiosemicarbazones obtained by condensation of 4-chloro-1H-5-formylimidazoles with thiosemicarbazide when heated with a triple surplus of iron (III) chloride hexahydrate in 80% acetate acid undergo oxidative cyclization with formation of new 2-amino-5-(4-chloroimidazole-5-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazoles. The compounds synthesized are heterocyclic systems with two electrophilic centres that are widely used when obtaining biheterocyclic biologically active systems. While studying the chemical behaviour of 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazoles under research in reactions of annulation with series of bielectrophilic reagents it has been found that they do not react either with phenacylbromide or malononitrile, and with chloroacetylchloride the product of 5-aminoacylation is formed; it even when heated in the boiling DMF in the presence of K2CO3 is not prone to intramolecular cyclocondensation. At the same time heating of 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazoles with diethyl ether of acetylenedicarboxylic acid in the absolute boiling ethanol leads to formation of ethyl-7-oxo-[1,3,4]-thiadiazolo-[3,2-a]-pyrimidine-5-carboxylates. The results of studying the antibacterial properties of 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazoles have shown that the compounds synthesized possess a moderate bactericidal and fungicidal activity.


Keywords


4-chloro-5-formylimidazoles; thiosemicarbazones; 2-amino-5-(4-chloroimidazole-5-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazoles; diethyl acetylenedicarboxylate; pyrimidoannelation; ether of [1,3,4]-thiadiazolo-[3,2-a]-pyrimidine-5-carboxylates; bactericidal activity

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