Application of thin layer chromatography in the analysis of efavirenz

Oksana I. Slabiak, Iryna M. Ivanchuk, Lina Yu. Klimenko, Olena Ye. Mykytenko, Olga V. Antonenko


Aim. To carry out the integrated study of visualization conditions of efavirenz on TLC-plates with aplication of standard and particular colored reagents, and the chromatographic behavior of efavirenz using standard mobile phases.

Results and discussion. It has been shown that such widely used color reagents as UV-light, Erdmann reagent, Froehde reagent, Liebermann reagent, sulfuric acid, Marquis reagent, Mandelin reagent, acidified iodoplatinate solution, iodine vapor can be used for efavirenz detection on chromatographic plates. Efavirenz gives the positive detection results with reagents used in the TLC-screening of extracts from the biological material for substances of basic, acid and neutral nature. The chromatographic mobility of efavirenz has been studied in 17 solvents systems; the systems are used as standard mobile phases according to the recommendations of the International Association of Forensic Toxicologists for TLC-screening of organic compounds of acid, neutral and basic nature, and as well as in the general TLC-screening of organic substances in the Ukrainian forensic toxicological laboratories.

Experimental part. The chromatographic plates Sorbfil® PTLC-IIH-UV and Merck® TLC Silica gel 60G were used as thin layers.

Conclusions. The behavior of efavirenz when developing on TLC-plates with two types of a substrate (plastic and glass) and with/without a luminophor with commonly used colored reagents has been studied. The Rf values of efavirenz under chromatographing conditions in the standard solvent systems used for TLC-screening of organic compounds of acid, neutral and basic nature have been set.


Received: 17.12.2019
Revised: 12.01.2020
Accepted: 27.02.2020


efavirenz; thin layer chromatography; color tests

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Abbreviated key title: J. Org. Pharm. Chem.

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