Convenient approaches to the synthesis of 6-amino- and 6-oxoimidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridines


  • G. G. Yakovenko Iнститут органiчної хiмiї НАН України, Ukraine
  • M. V. Vovk Iнститут органiчної хiмiї НАН України, Ukraine



N-Boc-4-aminopyrazole-5-carbaldehyde; creatinine; 5-aminopyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine-6-carboxylic acid; diphenylphosphorylazide; 6-amino(oxo)imidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridines; cyclocondensation


Aim. To develop convenient approaches to the synthesis of 6-amino- and 6-oxoimidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridines as promising biologically active scaffolds.
Results and discussion. It has been found that cyclocondensation of N-Boc-4-aminopyrazole-5-carbaldehydes with creatinine can be used as an effective method for obtaining 6-aminoimidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridines previously unknown. For the synthesis of their 6-oxoanalogs, the reaction of 5-aminopyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine-6-carboxylic acids used in a modifed Curtius rearrangement with diphenylphosphorylazide was successful. This method was implemented through the stage of the intermediate aminoisocyanates formation.
Experimental part. The reaction of N-Boc-4-aminopyrazole-5-carbaldehydes with creatinine in the presence of pyrrolidine as a catalyst in refluxing acetic acid allowed to obtain 6-aminoimidazo[4,5-b]pirazolo[3,4-e]pyridines with the yields of 54 – 70 %. The structure of the compounds synthesized was proven by spectral measurements. In the 1H NMR spectra there were singlets of H-3 (7.63 – 7.88 ppm) and H-8 (7.87 – 8.26 ppm) protons, as well as broad singlets of the NH2 group in the range of 7.05 – 7.21 ppm. Heating of 5-aminopyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine-6-carboxylic acids with triethylamine and diphenylphosphorylazide in dioxane for 6 hours gave 1-substituted imidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-е]pyridine-6(5Н)-ones with the yields of 67 – 80 %. The IR-spectra of the compounds synthesized were characterized by the absorption bands of the C=O (1705 – 1708 cm-1) and NH (3275 – 3281 cm-1) groups. 1H NMR-spectra were characterized by singlets of H-3 and H-8 protons in the intervals of 7.43 – 8.08 ppm and 7.92 – 8.32 ppm respectively, as well as by two broad singlets of NH-protons in the ranges of 10.90 – 11.12 ppm and 11.25 – 11.37 ppm.
Conclusions. Effective approaches to the synthesis of new promising heterocyclic systems of 6-amino- and
6-oxoimidazo[4,5-b]pirazolo[3,4-e]pyridines have been developed. Cyclocondensations of N-Boc-4-aminopyrazole-5-carbaldehydes with creatinine and 5-aminopyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine-6-carboxylic acids with diphenylphosphorylazide have been proven to be convenient ways to obtain these compounds with good yields.
Key words: N-Boc-4-aminopyrazole-5-carbaldehyde; creatinine; 5-aminopyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine-
6-carboxylic acid; diphenylphosphorylazide; 6-amino(oxo)imidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridines;


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How to Cite

Yakovenko, G. G.; Vovk, M. V. Convenient Approaches to the Synthesis of 6-Amino- and 6-oxoimidazo[4,5-b]pyrazolo[3,4-e]pyridines. J. Org. Pharm. Chem. 2021, 19, 10-15.



Original Researches